5.4: Identifying and evaluating an argument
In a nutshell
The following presents what you essentially need to know about this topic.
In a nutshell - Text version
- Argumentative writing differs from descriptive and expository writing in important ways.
- In argumentative writing, certain words signal that an argument is being used. These words are known as premise indicators and conclusion indicators.
- An argument has formal validity if its premises (which are true) logically support its conclusion.
- When practicing critical thinking, we are interested in assessing the validity of arguments expressed in natural language.
- Even if an argument is expressed in natural language, we can still assess its formal validity – as long as it wording is clear and unambiguous.
- In academic contexts, it is useful to evaluate the validity of deductive, inductive, conductive and abductive arguments.
- Have a go at Activity One and Two on the right-hand side of the screen.
- If you want more information about this topic, refer to ‘The complete’ version below.
The complete version
Follow the link to view the full version of ‘Identifying and Evaluating an Argument’.
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