5.7: Validity in inductive, conductive and abductive arguments
In a nutshell
The following presents what you essentially need to know about this topic.
In a nutshell - Text version
- Arguments which rely less on formal relations and more on assessing the probable truth of the conclusion based on evidence and the persuasive power of words, are sometimes referred to as ‘informal’ arguments.
- Inductive arguments are sometimes described as ‘informal’; they have a form whereby even if the premises are true, the conclusion is probably (but not necessarily) true.
- Inductive reasoning can be based on observation and experiment, and is therefore commonly used in scientific disciplines.
- Common types of inductive reasoning are inductive analogy, as well as enumerative, statistical and causal inductive argument.
- A conductive argument has separately relevant premises which add up to a convincing conclusion.
- Abductive reasoning is used in many fields of science, engineering, health care and the arts; it involves a kind of pragmatic, creative guessing.
- If you want more information about this topic, refer to ‘The complete’ version below.
The complete version
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