5.9: Toulmin’s critique of conventional logical form
In a nutshell
The following presents what you essentially need to know about this topic.
In a nutshell - Text version
- Examples of different types of arguments are often given in simplified form.
- However, in practice, we know that as arguments develop they can add extra information, change context and become more complex.
- With this in mind, British philosopher, Stephen Toulmin proposed a further way of mapping arguments.
- This three part structure is comprised of ‘data’, ‘warrant’ and ‘claim’.
- This structure can be applied to many situations, and may to lead to conclusions which are ‘probably’ or ‘presumably’ – but not necessarily true.
- Toulmin also suggests that different areas of study may require different methods of argument.
The complete version
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