Think about the sentence as a wall to be constructed. We know the basic tools are the parts of speech and we know how to place them in a subject and predicate to form sentences and clauses. We have other procedures that we follow, such as making sure that verbs agree with subjects. However, just like the carpenter, if we don’t have a little bag of “extras”, our sentences will not be smooth and straight, or clear and concise.
Students working in their additional language have the basic tools. Orally, you can construct sentences well enough to communicate with lecturers and colleagues. Writing well, on the other hand, is often a concern. Because you have yet to master the finer points of verb use, for example, writing is often awkward. Just like the carpenter, you need to have additional tools to make your sentences smooth and straight.
Grammar and syntax
Definition of Grammar
The set of rules we have for combining words into larger units’ sentences, clauses, and phrases – is called Grammar.
Definition of Syntax
Syntax is the order of words in a sentence. There are rules and preferred ways of ordering words in sentences.
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