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Conditional clauses

There are a number of conjunctions we use to establish a conditional event.

even if
in case
only if
whether of not
in the event that
in the case that


Condition is often used in academic writing


In this example, If is a subordinate conjunction that establishes a condition in the sentence.

The independent clause is Lives lost due to breast cancer will be reduced, and the condition under which lives will be saved is if women in Bunbury are screened.

The sentence structure and verb tense follow the grammar rules for conditional clauses in the present tense. The conditional adverb clause is in the present tense; therefore, the independent clause is in the future tense.

The exercises on this page provide additional examples of conditional clauses.


Writing complex sentences using noun, adverb, relative and conditional clauses

  1. Adverb, noun, relative and conditional clauses add additional information to the independent clause.
  2. Subordinate clauses answer questions about time, purpose, reason, contrast / comparison, and condition. These conjunctions supply information about what, when, where, who, which, why, how, how many, ‘what kind’ or ‘which one’.
  3. Conditional clauses describe a future real or unreal situation.


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